Name

Description

Physical and mechanical properties
Rollover the properties for more info. 
Abachi (Ayous)

Binomial name: Triplochiton scleroxylon
Abachi, Ayous and Samba are all the same species.
See Ayous.
Soft, tends to tear easily in thinner plys. Mainly an outermost ply wood, pairs up well with many woods. It is a lightweight, flexible wood that is excellent for closetothetable counterdrive play.


Akossika

Called Acosica by Joola.
Binomial names: Scottellia klaineana, Scottellia chevalieri, Scottellia coriacea, Scottellia kamerunensis, Scottellia minfiensis.
Common Names: Ngobisolo in Cameroon, BiloghBiNkele in Gabon, Kruku or Koroko in Ghana, Odoko in Nigeria, in Germany, in UK and in Italy, Akossika in Ivory Coast, Korokon in Liberia, Kelembicho in Central African Republic.
African wood mainly from Nigeria and Ivory Coast.

 Specific gravity = 0.66 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 3.4
 Crushing strength = 56 MPa
 Bending strength = 94 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 12750 MPa 
Anigre

Binomial name: Pouteria spp. (formerly Aningeria genus)
Also known as Anegre, Aniegre, Aningre, Aningeria, Kali, Osan, Landojan, Mukali, Muna, M'boul, N'Kali, Mukangu, Tutu, Kararo, Asanfena.
A lighttan hard wood native to Africa, Yellow Aningre is the ultimate control wood. Providing a soft feel on contact, this wood is favored by many allround styles of players. It is midhard, solid, and nonelastic. Being waterproof, it is mostly used as surface veneer. Grubba Pro blades use yellow aningre wood for the outer and secondary plies. 
 Specific gravity = 0.54 to 0.57 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 2.5
 Crushing strength = 48 MPa
 Bending strength = 84 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 13690 MPa
 Janka = 990 lbf (4450 N) 
Ash

Binomial name: Fraxinus excelsior
Common names: European Ash, Common Ash.
Binomial name: Fraxinus latifolia
Common name: Oregon Ash 
Fraxinus excelsior
 Specific gravity = 0.6 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 51 MPa
 Bending strength = 103 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 12000 MPa
 Janka = 1480 lbf (6580 N)
Fraxinus latifolia
 Specific gravity = 0.61 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 42 MPa
 Bending strength = 88 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 9380 MPa
 Janka = 1160 lbf (5160 N) 
Ayous

Binomial name: Triplochiton scleroxylon
Abachi, Ayous and Samba are all the same species. Also known as Obeche, Wawa, Arere, Ayus, M'bado, Bado, African Maple, Eguess, Xwetin.
Soft, tends to tear easily in thinner plys. Mainly an outermost ply wood, pairs up well with many woods. It is a lightweight, flexible wood that is excellent for closetothetable counterdrive play. Ayous is useful to maintain some lightness in the core of the blade but not be as crazily light as balsa. 
 Specific gravity = 0.38 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 1.1
 Crushing strength = 30 MPa
 Bending strength = 52 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 7260 MPa
 Janka = 430 lbf (1915 N) 
Balsa

Binomial name: Ochroma pyramidale
Also known as Balso, Pau de Balsa, Lanu, Lanilla, Guano, Gatillo, Topa, Algodon, Bois Flot.
An extremely light, soft, porous, springy wood that has a nonlinear effect at ball contact; hard, direct contact results in a big springing effect, while light or grazing contact results in a more controlled carom, and the difference is greater than what you'd expect. Readily available but not usually in widths required for blades, so gluing will most likely be require. Primarily useful as core and in rare cases second plys due to its fragility; deteriorates very quickly unless sealed. A thick balsa core tends to result in very springy, offensive blades. Due to its softness, it can allow the ball to sink in, resulting in high dwell time, which is good for loopers and choppers who want to manufacture a lot of spin. Also, due to its softness and nonlinear effect, it is useful for deception and spin variation. 
 Specific gravity = 0.14 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 0.3
 Crushing strength = 11 MPa
 Bending strength = 20 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 3710 MPa
 Janka = 90 lbf (400 N) 
Basswood

Binomial name: Tilia americana
Common Names: Basswood, American Basswood, Lime, Linden.
Binomial name: Tilia europaea
Commonly called lime trees in the British Isles, they are not related to the lime fruit.
The genus is generally called lime or linden in Britain and basswood, linden or lime in North America.
Also known as Beetree.
A harder wood, but still used in lower end allround blades. Basswood has been a mainstay in racket making for over fifty years due to its high degree of control and economical price. It is favored by the closetothetable counterdriver as well as players looking to purchase their first professional racket. 
Tilia americana
 Specific gravity = 0.42 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 33 MPa
 Bending strength = 60 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 10070 MPa
 Janka = 410 lbf (1824 N) 
Beech

Binomial name: Fagus grandifolia
Common name: American Beech
Binomial name: Fagus sylvatica
Common names: Common Beech, European Beech. 
Fagus grandifolia
 Specific gravity = 0.72 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 51 MPa
 Bending strength = 103 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 11860 MPa
 Janka = 1300 lbf (5780 N)
Fagus sylvatica
 Specific gravity = 0.71 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 57 MPa
 Bending strength = 110 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 14310 MPa
 Janka = 1450 lbf (6450 N) 
Black Locust

Binomial name: Robinia pseudoacacia
Common Names: Robinia, False Acacia.
Robinie in german. 
 Specific gravity = 0.77 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 9.5
 Crushing strength = 70 MPa
 Bending strength = 134 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 14140 MPa
 Janka = 1700 lbf (7560 N) 
Candlenut

Binomial name: Aleurites moluccanus
Common names: Kemiri, Candleberry, Lumbang. 
 Crushing strength = 26 MPa
 Bending strength = 51 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 7330 MPa
 Janka = 340 lbf (1520 N) 
Cypress

Binominal name: Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
Common name: Port Orford Cedar
Botanically, the Cypress covers the genera cupressus and chamaecyparis which include many species.
The main ones at chamaecyparis:
Chamaecyparis obtusa: hinoki cypress
Chamaecyparis pisifera: Sawara cypress
Chamaecyparis nootkatenis: Nootka cypress
Chamaecyparis thyoides: white cypress
Good, cheap and readily available. Tends to work best with woods similar to itself in playing quality such as Ayous, Ash and varieties of Pine. Smells nice, though the mythical Kiso Hinoki variety is both rare and extremely valuable; the classic Asian attacking wood, it is favored by attackers for several decades because of its unique combination of speed and softness. 
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
 Specific gravity = 0.39 to 0.47 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 42 MPa
 Bending strength = 85 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 11350 MPa
 Janka = 590 lbf (2625 N) 
Ebony

Ebony. 
 Specific gravity = 0.9 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 7.0
 Crushing strength = 58 MPa
 Bending strength = 130 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 15500 MPa
 Janka = 3080 lbf (13700 N) 
Emien

Binomial name: Alstonia congensis
Common names: Kaiwi (Sierra Leone), Awun (Nigeria), Ahun (Nigeria), Sindru (Ghana), Emien (Côte d`Ivoire), stoolwood (United Kingdom), Patternwood (United Kingdom), Akuka (Zaire), Ekuk (Gabon), Ekouk (Gabon), Ekuk (Equatorial Guinea), Ekouk (Equatorial Guinea), Tsongati (Congo), Ekuk (Cameroon), Ekouk (Cameroon), Mujwa (Uganda), Alstonia (Uganda), Wokuka, Vhu, Uguwa, Tsongutti, Tsongoti, Sundra, Stoolwood, Sindru, Senedur, Patternwood, Onguie, Omujwe, Nyemidua, Nyamelebaka, Nsiwa, N`songuti, Musoga, Mukoge, Mujwa, Mujua, Mogvga, Mogoliga, Lomba, Kuge, Kolowuli, Kigima, Kauwi, Kanja, Kaiwi, Emien, Emenle, Emee, Ekouk, Ebwu, Ebo, Duku, Dsennuru, Dnyamedua, Cheese wood, Bokuka, Bokuk, Binu, Bantang foro, Bakunin, Awun, Alstonia, Ahun, Adawura, Adawra.
Alstonia congensis is reported to be abundant in the humid forests of Cameroon.
Widely distributed throughout West and Central Africa. 
 Specific gravity = 0.36 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 0.7
 Crushing strength = 27 MPa
 Bending strength = 43 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 8090 MPa 
Fir

Called Tanne in Germany.
Binomial name: Abies alba
Common Name: European Silver Fir
Binomial name: Abies balsamea
Common Name: Balsam Fir
Binomial name: Abies magnifica
Common Name: California Red Fir
Binomial name: Pseudotsuga menziesii
Common Name: DouglasFir
Binomial name: Abies grandis
Common Name: Grand Fir
Binomial name: Abies procera
Common Name: Noble Fir
Binomial name: Abies amabilis
Common Name: Pacific Silver Fir
Binomial name: Abies lasiocarpa
Common Name: Subalpine Fir 
Abies alba
 Specific gravity = 0.32 to 0.49 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 2.5
 Crushing strength = 41 MPa
 Bending strength = 66 to 80 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 8280 to 14300 MPa
 Janka = 320 lbf (1420 N) 
Firmiana

Firmiana is a genus of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae, formerly placed in the now defunct Sterculiaceae. It may sometimes be called the "parasol tree". 

Goiabao

Binomial names: Chrysophyllum lucentifolium, Planchonella pachycarpa, Pouteria pachycarpa, Syzygiopsis pachycarpa.
Common names : Goyabao, Abiu Casca, Abiurana, Abiurana Goiaba, Abiurana Amarela. 
 Specific gravity = 0.91 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 7.7
 Crushing strength = 79 MPa
 Bending strength = 145 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 20600 MPa 
Hinoki

Binomial name: Chamaecyparis obtusa
A prized Japanese wood that is soft and bouncy. 'Kiso' denotes the top Hinoki woods, available only from a single location in Japan. Considered the 'golden' wood of blades, Hinoki is a form of Cypress, and much of the Hinoki used just as outer plies is really Cypress. Hinoki has the property of being very soft with a nice soft touch in the short game, but very fast when hitting. The biggest drawbacks are probably weight and cost.
Kiso Hinoki is used for blade manufacturing only when having 300 years or more in age. It can be found in all types of veneers in table tennis blades. 
 Specific gravity = 0.43 g/cm³
 Janka = 300 to 800 lbf (depending on the species of cypress) 
Kiri

Binomial name: Paulownia tomentosa
Also known as Paulownia, Royal Paulownia, Princess Tree, Empress Tree.
Kiri is the Japanese name for Paulownia.
A light weight, soft but torsionally stiff type of wood, mainly used as core veneer. (Almost every Butterfly table tennis blade that is made in Japan has a Kiri core.) More durable, heavier and harder than Balsa. (This is one of the main reasons why Butterfly blades are heavier than other manufacturer's blades.) 
 Specific gravity = 0.26 to 0.35 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 21 MPa
 Bending strength = 38 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 4380 MPa
 Janka = 300 lbf (1335 N) 
Koto

Binomial name: Pterygota macrocarpa
Also known as Anatolia, Poroposo, Ofete, Kakende, Ikame, Ake, Awari, Kyere, Kefe.
Soft topspin wood, typically used in extremely thin outer plies to produce a faster and stiffer blade. Great wood for players who rely on both looping and countering techniques. Koto wood surface plies encourage crisp, fast blocks and hard hitting for sharper ball contact and faster rebound. Usually quartersawn for the pattern. 
 Specific gravity = 0.59 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 2.5
 Crushing strength = 54 MPa
 Bending strength = 105 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 12080 MPa
 Janka = 940 lbf (4185 N) 
Kukui

Hawaiian wood. 

Larch

Binomial name: Larix decidua
Common names: Meleze, European Larch, Common Larch, Alerce, Larice.
Binomial name: Larix occidentalis
Common name: Western Larch
Binomial name: Larix kaempferi
Common name: Japanese Larch, Karamatsu. 
Larix decidua
 Specific gravity = 0.60 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 3.8
 Crushing strength = 52 MPa
 Bending strength = 90 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 11800 MPa
 Janka = 740 lbf (3290 N)
Larix occidentalis
 Specific gravity = 0.48 to 0.58 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 53 MPa
 Bending strength = 90 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 12900 MPa
 Janka = 8300 lbf (3690 N)
Larix kaempferi
 Specific gravity = 0.39 to 0.50 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 41 MPa
 Bending strength = 80 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 8760 MPa
 Janka = 600 lbf (2670 N) 
Lati

Binomial names: Amphimas ferrugineus, Amphimas pterocarpoides.
Common names: Edjin, Edzil, Muizi, Edzui, Yaya, Bokanga, White Wenge. 
 Specific gravity = 0.82 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 5.8
 Crushing strength = 73 MPa
 Bending strength = 128 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 16830 MPa 
Limba

Binomial name: Terminalia superba
Also known as Korina, Ofram, Frake, Afara, Akom.
A West African wood, Limba is the classic European topspin wood (as compared to Hinoki, which is the classic Asian topspin wood). Heavy and fast, but not springy, Limba wood adds the soft feel and great control needed by today's modern topspin players. It is lighter and softer than Hinoki or Koto. Limba wood changes its color as the time passes so it is sometimes hard to spot a Limba wood by its color. Although Limba wood is soft, it can't give a soft feeling to the blade by itself, and when used with other veneers, a Limba blade can give a hard feeling. Limba has excellent acoustic properties and provides a good acoustic click sound when used with speed glue effect rubbers. Its vibrations or flex is liked by topspin players. The higher the thickness of the Limba ply, the greater the blade's hitting ability. 
 Specific gravity = 0.45 to 0.65 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 2.4
 Crushing strength = 47 MPa
 Bending strength = 86 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 10490 MPa
 Janka = 670 lbf (2980 N) 
Mahogany

Binomial name: Swietenia mahagoni
Mahogany. 
 Specific gravity = 0.57 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 2.5
 Crushing strength = 46 MPa
 Bending strength = 77 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 11820 MPa
 Janka = 1070 lbf (4760 N) 
Mansonia

Binomial name: Mansonia altissima 
 Specific gravity = 0.66 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 3.8
 Crushing strength = 60 MPa
 Bending strength = 110 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 13620 MPa
 Janka = 1390 lbf (6160 N) 
Meranti

Binomial name: Shorea spp.
The five main groupings for Meranti (Lauan) are:
 Dark Red Meranti
 Light Red Meranti (Shorea leprosula)
 White Meranti (Shorea bracteolata)
 Yellow Meranti (Shorea maxima)
 Balau.
Sometimes called Philippine Mahogany. 
Dark Red Meranti
 Specific gravity = 0.68 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 49 MPa
 Bending strength = 88 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 12020 MPa
 Janka = 800 lbf (3560 N)
Light Red Meranti
 Specific gravity = 0.48 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 42 MPa
 Bending strength = 77 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 11390 MPa
 Janka = 550 lbf (2450 N)
White Meranti
 Specific gravity = 0.59 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 47 MPa
 Bending strength = 80 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 10240 MPa
 Janka = 1050 lbf (4675 N)
Yellow Meranti
 Specific gravity = 0.56 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 2.4
 Crushing strength = 44 MPa
 Bending strength = 81 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 10680 MPa
 Janka = 700 lbf (3118 N)
Balau
 Specific gravity = 0.85 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 71 MPa
 Bending strength = 122 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 16950 MPa
 Janka = 1600 lbf (7120 N) 
Okoume

Binomial name: Aucoumea klaineana
(Okoume  Angouma  Gabon). 
 Specific gravity = 0.35 to 0.55 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 1.6
 Crushing strength = 36 MPa
 Bending strength = 75 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 9690 MPa
 Janka = 400 lbf (1780 N) 
Oregon

Maybe Port Orford cypress. See Cypress.
But there is other woods called Oregon :
 Oregon Ash (Fraxinus latifolia). See Ash.
 Oregon White Oak (Quercus garryana).
 Oregon Pine or DouglasFir (Pseudotsuga menziesii). See Fir. 
Quercus garryana
 Specific gravity = 0.81 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 51 MPa
 Bending strength = 70 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 7510 MPa
 Janka = 1640 lbf (7295 N) 
Ovengkole

Binomial name : Guibourtia ehie
Common names : Mbagna (Cameroon), Amazakoué (Ivory Coast), Mozambique (USA), Ovengkol (France), Ovangkol (Gabon), Anokye (Ghana). 
 Specific gravity = 0.82 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 7.5
 Crushing strength = 69 MPa
 Bending strength = 127 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 21470 MPa 
Padauk

Binomial name: Pterocarpus soyauxii
Common Names: African Padauk, Vermillion.
The wood is hard and elastic, partly used as surface veneer (dark red colour). 
 Specific gravity = 0.75 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 8.3
 Crushing strength = 56 MPa
 Bending strength = 116 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 11720 MPa
 Janka = 1970 lbf (8760 N) 
Pine

Binomial name: Pinus clausa
Common names: Sand Pine, Florida Spruce Pine, Scrub Pine.
Binomial name: Pinus radiata
Common names: Radiata Pine, Monterey Pine, Insignis Pine.
Binomial name: Pinus glabra
Common name: Spruce Pine
Binomial name: Pinus nigra
Common names: Austrian Pine or Black Pine.
Binomial name: Pinus caribaea
Common name: Caribbean Pine
Binomial name: Pinus strobus
Common names: Eastern White Pine, Northern White Pine, White Pine, Weymouth Pine.
Binomial name: Pinus banksiana
Common names: Jack Pine, Grey Pine or Scrub Pine.
Binomial name: Pinus jeffreyi
Common name: Jeffrey Pine
Binomial name: Pinus kesiya
Common names: Khasi Pine, Benguet Pine or Threeneedled Pine.
Binomial name: Pinus flexilis
Common name: Limber Pine
Binomial name: Pinus taeda
Common name: Loblolly Pine
Binomial name: Pinus contorta
Common names: Lodgepole Pine, Shore Pine, Twisted Pine, Contorta Pine.
Binomial name: Pinus palustris
Common name: Longleaf Pine
Binomial name: Pinus pinaster
Common name: Maritime Pine or Cluster Pine
Binomial name: Pinus oocarpa
Common names: Ocote, Ocote Chino, Pino Amarillo, Pino Avellano, Mexican Yellow Pine, Eggcone Pine, Hazelnut Pine.
Binomial name: Pinus patula
Common names: Patula Pine, Spreadingleaved Pine, Mexican Weeping Pine.
Binomial name: Pinus edulis
Common names: Colorado Pinyon, Twoneedle Piñon, Pinyon Pine, Piñon.
Binomial name: Pinus rigida
Common name: Pitch Pine
Binomial name: Pinus serotina
Common names: Pond Pine, Black Bark Pine, Bay Pine, Marsh Pine, Pocosin Pine.
Binomial name: Pinus ponderosa
Common names: Ponderosa Pine, Bull Pine, Blackjack Pine, Western Yellowpine, Filipinus Pine.
Binomial name: Pinus resinosa
Common names: Red Pine, Norway Pine.
Binomial name: Pinus sylvestris
Common names: Scots Pine, Scotch Pine, Baltic Pine, European Red Pine.
Binomial name: Pinus echinata
Common name: Shortleaf Pine
Binomial name: Pinus elliottii
Common name: Slash Pine
Binomial name: Pinus lambertiana
Common names: Sugar Pine, Sugar Cone Pine.
Binomial name: Pinus merkusii
Common names: Sumatran Pine, Merkus Pine.
Binomial name: Pinus pungens
Common names: Table Mountain Pine, Hickory Pine, Prickly Pine.
Binomial name: Pinus monticola
Common names: Western White Pine, Silver Pine, California Mountain Pine.
Binomial name: Pinus virginiana
Common names: Virginia Pine, Scrub Pine, Jersey Pine, Possum Pine. 
Pinus clausa
 Specific gravity = 0.55 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 48 MPa
 Bending strength = 80 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 9720 MPa
 Janka = 730 lbf (3250 N)
Pinus radiata
 Specific gravity = 0.51 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 42 MPa
 Bending strength = 79 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 10060 MPa
 Janka = 710 lbf (3160 N)
Pinus glabra
 Specific gravity = 0.42 to 0.52 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 39 MPa
 Bending strength = 71 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 9690 MPa
 Janka = 700 lbf (3110 N) 
Planchonello

Planchonello outer layers produce great speed. This wood is most often found in blades designed for the power attacker. 

Poplar

Binomial name: Populus p.p.
Common names: Poplar (United Kingdom), Pappel (Germany), Alamo (Spain), Cottonwood (United Sates), Pioppo (Italy).
Binomial name: Populus alba
Common names: White Poplar, Silver Poplar.
Binomial name: Populus tremula
Common names: European Aspen, Common Aspen.
Binomial name: Populus nigra
Common names: Black Poplar, Lombardy Poplar, Mappa burl.
Binomial name: Populus balsamifera
Common name: Balsam Poplar
Binomial name: Populus trichocarpa
Common name: Black Cottonwood
Binomial name: Populus grandidentata
Common name: Bigtooth Aspen
Binomial name: Populus tremuloides
Common name: Quaking Aspen
Binomial name: Populus deltoides
Common name: Eastern Cottonwood
Not to be confused with Liriodendron tulipifera (Tulip Poplar, Tulip tree, Yellow Poplar).
Readily available, capable of being used as a core wood and as an outer ply, providing skill in matching thicknesses up. 
Populus p.p.
 Specific gravity = 0.45 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 1.3
 Crushing strength = 35 MPa
 Bending strength = 62 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 9800 MPa
 Janka = 540 lbf (2400 N) 
Red Cedar

Binomial name: Thuya Plicata
The Red Cedar is a native of Canada. 
 Specific gravity = 0.38 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 1.1 
Rosewood

Binomial names: Dalbergia maritima, Dalbergia louvelii.

 Specific gravity = 0.93 g/cm³
 Janka = 2600 lbf (11570 N) 
Samba (Ayous)

See Ayous. 

Santos Mahogany

Binomial name: Myroxylon balsamum
Despite its name, Santos Mahogany is not really related to true Mahogany (Swietenia genus), nor is it even in the Meliaceae family, as is the case with African Mahogany (Khaya genus) and Spanish Cedar (Cedrela odorata). Santos Mahogany can have a Mahoganylike appearance, though it is typically much denser, harder, and stronger than true Mahogany—and also much more difficult to work. 
 Specific gravity = 0.91 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 81 MPa
 Bending strength = 149 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 16410 MPa
 Janka = 2400 lbf (10680 N) 
Sapele

Binomial name: Entandrophragma cylindricum
Common Names: Sapelli, Sapali. 
 Specific gravity = 0.67 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 4.2
 Crushing strength = 60 MPa
 Bending strength = 110 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 13960 MPa
 Janka = 1410 lbf (6280 N) 
Spruce

Binomial name: Picea abies
Common names: Norway Spruce, European Spruce, German Spruce.
Binomial name: Picea sitchensis
Common name: Sitka Spruce
Binomial name: Picea breweriana
Common name: Brewer Spruce
Binomial name: Picea mariana
Common name: Black Spruce
Binomial name: Picea engelmannii
Common name: Engelmann Spruce
Binomial name: Picea rubens
Common name: Red Spruce, Adirondack Spruce.
Binomial name: Picea glauca
Common name: White Spruce
Common Spruce (Picea abies) comes from cold areas of Europe. Outside of its natural growing area (temperate areas), its growth is quicker when planted. In France, Common Spruce is often falsely called "Sapin" (Abies alba) and "Sapin blanc du Nord" is used to speak of Common Spruce coming from Scandinavia or from Eastern Europe.
Called Fichte in Germany.
Used to create better speed, Spruce plies result in big sound and good feeling when you hit the ball, but when this ply comes too much close to the rubber, the sound and feeling are too powerful, and the ball will not be very spinny, so it is better used beneath a surface ply. 
Picea abies
 Specific gravity = 0.32 to 0.41 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 35 MPa
 Bending strength = 63 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 9700 MPa
 Janka = 380 lbf (1680 N)
Picea sitchensis
 Specific gravity = 0.36 to 0.42 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 2.2
 Crushing strength = 38 MPa
 Bending strength = 70 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 11030 MPa
 Janka = 510 lbf (2270 N) 
Stone Pine

Binomial name: Pinus pinea
Common names: Italian stone pine, Mediterranean stone pine, umbrella pine and parasol pine. 

Sycamore

Binomial name: Acer pseudoplatanus
Common names: Bergahorn, Erable Blanc, Acero Bianco, Great Maple, Sycomore, Arce Blanco, Sicomoro, Harewood. 
 Specific gravity = 0.64 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 4.7
 Crushing strength = 55 MPa
 Bending strength = 100 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 13000 MPa 
Tung

Binomial name: Vernicia fordii
Common name: Tung Tree
Used as inner plies.
The wood of the tree is lightweight and strong, and is sometimes used as a substitute for balsa, kiri or basswood. 

Walnut

Binomial name: Juglans regia
Common Names: English Walnut, Circassian Walnut, European Walnut, French Walnut, Common Walnut.
Binomial name: Lovoa trichilioides
Common Name: African Walnut
Binomial name: Juglans spp. (Juglans australis, J. neotropica, J. olanchana, etc.)
Common Names: Peruvian Walnut, Tropical Walnut, Nogal.
Binomial name: Juglans nigra
Common Name: Black Walnut
Dark coloured wood that is fast, hard and expensive. Outer ply material, pairs up well with a soft core. 
Juglans regia
 Specific gravity = 0.64 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 3.2
 Crushing strength = 50 MPa
 Bending strength = 111 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 10810 MPa
 Janka = 1220 lbf (5430 N)
Lovoa trichilioides
 Specific gravity = 0.54 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 46 MPa
 Bending strength = 84 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 9240 MPa
 Janka = 940 lbf (4180 N)
Juglans spp.
 Specific gravity = 0.6 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 45 MPa
 Bending strength = 77 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 7810 MPa
 Janka = 960 lbf (4270 N)
Juglans nigra
 Specific gravity = 0.61 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 52 MPa
 Bending strength = 101 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 11590 MPa
 Janka = 1010 lbf (4490 N) 
Wenge

Binomial name: Millettia laurentii 
 Specific gravity = 0.87 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 9.1
 Crushing strength = 85 MPa
 Bending strength = 144 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 21050 MPa
 Janka = 1630 
White Ash

Binomial name: Fraxinus americana
White Ash, American White Ash. 
 Specific gravity = 0.87 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 9.1
 Crushing strength = 81 MPa
 Bending strength = 152 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 17590 MPa
 Janka = 1930 lbf (8590 N) 
White Oak

Binomial name: Quercus alba 
 Specific gravity = 0.6 to 0.75 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 51 MPa
 Bending strength = 102 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 12150 MPa
 Janka = 1350 lbf (5590 N) 
Willow

Binomial name: Salix nigra
Common Name: Black Willow.
Binomial name: Salix fragilis
Common Names: Crack Willow, Brittle Willow.
Binomial name: Salix alba
Common Name: White Willow.
Also known as Yanagi.
A heavy wood used most often in choppers' blades, as an outer layer, due to its deadening effect, making hard, fast loops easier to control. 
Salix nigra
 Specific gravity = 0.42 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 28 MPa
 Bending strength = 54 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 6970 MPa
 Janka = 430 lbf (1920 N)
Salix fragilis
 Specific gravity = 0.43 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 24 MPa
 Bending strength = 65 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 7950 MPa
 Janka = 640 lbf (2850 N)
Salix alba
 Specific gravity = 0.4 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 27 MPa
 Bending strength = 56 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 7760 MPa
 Janka = 570 lbf (2540 N) 
Yellow Aningre

Yellow Aningre is the ultimate control wood. Providing a soft feel on contact, this wood is favored by many allround styles of players. It is midhard, solid, and nonelastic. Being waterproof, it is mostly used as surface veneer. Grubba Pro blades use Yellow Aningre wood for the outer and secondary plies. 
 Specific gravity = 0.54 to 0.57 g/cm³
 Monnin Hardness = 2.5 
Yellow Poplar

Binomial name: Liriodendron tulipifera
Common name: Tulip Poplar 
 Specific gravity = 0.40 to 0.46 g/cm³
 Crushing strength = 38 MPa
 Bending strength = 70 MPa
 Modulus of elasticity = 10900 MPa
 Janka = 540 lbf (2400 N) 